Reasons to visit Liverpool, England

Reasons to visit Liverpool, England at least once in your lifetime

Spread the love!

Table Of Content

60 Reasons to Visit Liverpool in England

Liverpool, a city proud of its rich history and vibrant culture, should undoubtedly be on your travel bucket list. From its iconic landmarks to its bustling music scene, there are countless reasons why Liverpool is a must-visit destination. So pack your bags, hop on a plane, and let Liverpool mesmerize you with its unique charm and undeniable charisma.

Key Takeaways

• Rich maritime history with the iconic Royal Albert Dock

• Home of The Beatles, showcasing the birthplace of the world’s most famous band

• Architectural wonders like the Liver Building and St. George’s Hall

• A thriving cultural hub with museums, galleries, and theaters

1. Explore the Royal Albert Dock

Step back in time and soak up Liverpool’s maritime history at the Royal Albert Dock. This iconic waterfront attraction is a UNESCO World Heritage site and offers an incredible mix of museums, shops, restaurants, and galleries. Take a leisurely stroll along the docks, marvel at the stunning architecture, and delve into the city’s past.

2. Discover the Beatles Story

Liverpool is synonymous with the Fab Four – John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. Pay homage to the world’s most famous band at the Beatles Story exhibition. Explore their journey from humble beginnings to global superstardom and see memorabilia that will transport any music lover to Beatlemania.

3. Visit the Cavern Club

Step into the iconic Cavern Club, the birthplace of Beatlemania. This legendary music venue is where The Beatles made their name and where countless other legendary acts have graced the stage. Catch a live band, feel the electric atmosphere, and soak up the history that reverberates through the walls.

4. Marvel at the Liver Building

No visit to Liverpool is complete without admiring the majestic Liver Building. As one of the city’s most recognizable landmarks, this iconic structure stands proudly on the waterfront. Snap a photo with the legendary Liver Birds and be captivated by the architectural beauty that symbolizes the city’s prosperous past.

5. Immerse Yourself in History at St. George’s Hall

Step into the grandeur of St. George’s Hall, an architectural masterpiece and a window into Liverpool’s past. Marvel at the stunning neoclassical design, explore the great hall, and wander through the captivating courtrooms. This historic building also hosts various events, from concerts to exhibitions, adding to its allure.

6. Experience the Energy of Anfield Stadium

For football enthusiasts, a visit to Anfield Stadium is an absolute must. Home to Liverpool Football Club, this iconic stadium has witnessed some of the most memorable moments in football history. Take a guided tour, walk through the player’s tunnel, and soak up the electrifying atmosphere of a matchday if you’re lucky.

7. Take a Ferry Across the Mersey

Hop aboard a ferry and experience the iconic “Ferry Cross the Mersey.” This leisurely cruise allows you to enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of Liverpool’s waterfront skyline. As you sail across the River Mersey, you’ll truly appreciate the city’s beauty and its connection to the sea.

8. Wander Through the Magical Sefton Park

Escape the hustle and bustle of the city center and find serenity in Sefton Park. This enchanting green space offers idyllic lakes, grand Victorian glasshouses, and lush gardens perfect for picnics or leisurely walks. Don’t miss the iconic Palm House, an architectural gem filled with a diverse collection of exotic plants.

9. Indulge in Retail Therapy at Liverpool ONE

Liverpool’s premier retail destination, Liverpool ONE, is a shopper’s paradise. With over 170 stores, including high-end brands and designer boutiques, you’ll find everything your heart desires. From fashion to homeware and everything in between, this open-air shopping center guarantees a memorable retail experience.

10. Enjoy Live Music at the Philharmonic Hall

Immerse yourself in the harmonious sounds of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra at the Philharmonic Hall. From classical masterpieces to contemporary performances, the beautiful venue offers a diverse range of musical experiences that will leave you in awe.

11. Dive into British History at The World Museum

The World Museum is a treasure trove of knowledge, showcasing Liverpool’s contribution to the world and beyond. Explore various collections, including ancient civilizations, natural history, and astronomy. From mummies to dinosaur skeletons, this museum is an educational and fascinating experience for all ages.

12. Admire Contemporary Art at Tate Liverpool

Art enthusiasts cannot miss a visit to Tate Liverpool, an internationally renowned gallery showcasing contemporary and modern works of art. With regularly changing exhibitions, you’ll be captivated by the creativity and innovation on display within the vibrant surroundings of the Albert Dock.

13. Journey Back in Time at the Museum of Liverpool

Experience Liverpool’s captivating story at the Museum of Liverpool. From its rich maritime history to its cultural significance, this museum offers a comprehensive insight into the city’s past. Uncover Liverpool’s football heritage, learn about its diverse communities, and immerse yourself in the spirit of this ever-evolving city.

14. Explore the Magical Shores of Formby Beach

Escape to the picturesque coastal beauty of Formby Beach, just a short distance from Liverpool. Explore miles of unspoiled sand dunes, wander through enchanting pine forests, and keep an eye out for the famous red squirrels. A visit to this serene beach allows you to reconnect with nature and enjoy breathtaking coastal scenery.

15. Discover the Richness of Chinese Culture at the Chinese Arch

Liverpool has a long-standing connection with Chinese culture, and the vibrant Chinese Arch is a testament to this relationship. Marvel at the intricate design, symbolic artwork, and vibrant colors as you explore Liverpool’s Chinatown. Don’t forget to indulge in some delicious Chinese cuisine while you’re there.

16. Take a Picnic to Calderstones Park

Escape the urban landscape and enjoy a peaceful day out in Calderstones Park. This tranquil oasis offers beautiful gardens, scenic lakes, and a unique collection of ancient megalithic stones. Whether it’s a leisurely stroll or a picnic in the park, Calderstones provides a serene retreat from the bustling city life.

17. Step Back in Time at Speke Hall

Explore the magnificent Tudor architecture of Speke Hall, a meticulously preserved manor house. With hidden priest holes, picturesque gardens, and captivating history, this National Trust property offers a fascinating glimpse into life in the 16th century. Take a guided tour, partake in workshops, or simply lose yourself in the idyllic surroundings.

18. Immerse Yourself in The Bluecoat

The Bluecoat, a hub of creativity, is one of the oldest building complexes in Liverpool and home to artists, musicians, and performers. Explore the galleries, admire contemporary artwork, and attend cultural events that exemplify Liverpool’s artistic spirit. The vibrant energy of this space will leave you inspired.

19. Explore the Ghostly Secrets of St. James Cemetery

For those with an adventurous spirit, a visit to St. James Cemetery is an intriguing experience. Wander through the moss-covered gravestones, listen to spine-chilling tales of ghostly encounters, and absorb the eerie atmosphere of this historic burial ground. Guided tours provide a fascinating insight into the cemetery’s haunted history.

The Victoria Gallery & Museum, housed within the University of Liverpool, offers a fascinating journey through art, history, and science. Marvel at the rare collections, discover the wonders of the natural world, and explore exhibitions that continually pique curiosity. This hidden gem provides an enriching cultural experience.

21. Journey to New Heights at the Radio City Tower

Enjoy panoramic views of Liverpool from the top of the Radio City Tower, affectionately known as the Radio City “Liver” Building. Take a ride in the high-speed lift, soak in the breathtaking vistas, and marvel at the city’s architectural beauty from above.

22. Venture into the Hidden Tunnels of Williamson’s Tunnels

Uncover the mysterious underground labyrinth of Williamson’s Tunnels, an architectural wonder shrouded in intrigue. These subterranean passageways, created by eccentric philanthropist Joseph Williamson, raise countless questions about their purpose and history. Take a guided tour and let the stories of these tunnels unfold before your eyes.

23. Shop for Bargains at Grand Central Hall

Grand Central Hall, an iconic Liverpool building, is not only a vibrant entertainment venue but also a treasure trove for vintage and independent shops. Browse through unique clothing boutiques, hunt for antiques, and uncover rare finds as you wander through this charismatic historic venue.

24. Follow in the Footsteps of The Titanic at the Maritime Museum

Discover Liverpool’s maritime legacy at the Merseyside Maritime Museum. Immerse yourself in the story of The Titanic, learn about life at sea, and explore captivating exhibitions that highlight Liverpool’s connection to the ocean. This museum provides a fascinating insight into the city’s seafaring history.

25. Relax in the Splendor of Croxteth Hall & Country Park

Escape to the tranquility of Croxteth Hall & Country Park, a stunning estate filled with natural beauty. Explore the grand halls, stroll through picturesque gardens, and encounter a variety of wildlife in their natural habitat. With acres of parkland to explore, this serene retreat provides the perfect escape from the urban bustle.

26. Discover the Secrets of Liverpool Cathedral

Marvel at the awe-inspiring beauty of Liverpool Cathedral, the largest Anglican cathedral in Europe. Stroll through the labyrinth, enjoy panoramic views from the tower, and admire the exquisite stained glass windows. This architectural masterpiece is not only a place of worship but also a testament to human creativity.

27. Feast on Liverpool’s Culinary Delights at Bold Street

Indulge your taste buds and experience Liverpool’s diverse culinary scene along Bold Street. From international cuisines to local delicacies, this vibrant street is a haven for food lovers. Whether you’re in the mood for a hearty English breakfast or exotic street food, Bold Street has it all.

28. Immerse Yourself in Football History at the National Football Museum

Football fanatics will be in paradise at the National Football Museum. Explore the extensive collection of football memorabilia, relive legendary moments, and test your skills in interactive exhibits. From iconic jerseys to treasured trophies, this museum celebrates the beautiful game and its cultural impact.

29. Embark on a Magical Mystery Tour

Join the Magical Mystery Tour and follow in the footsteps of The Beatles. This guided bus tour takes you to the band’s childhood homes, iconic sites, and landmarks that inspired their legendary songs. Immerse yourself in the world of The Beatles and discover the magic that surrounds their hometown.

30. Immerse Yourself in the Festival Spirit at Liverpool International Music Festival

Every summer, Liverpool bursts with musical talent during the Liverpool International Music Festival. This vibrant event features a diverse lineup of world-class artists, live performances, and family-friendly activities. Immerse yourself in the festival atmosphere and make memories that will last a lifetime.

31. Experience the Magical Lantern Parade

Witness the enchantment of the Magical Lantern Parade, a spectacular event that illuminates Liverpool’s streets during the holiday season. Marvel at the lanterns, enjoy live performances, and soak up the festive spirit as the city comes alive with vibrant colors and dazzling lights.

32. Enjoy a Night Out at the Royal Court Theatre

Experience Liverpool’s thriving theater scene at the Royal Court Theatre. From laugh-out-loud comedies to thought-provoking dramas, this historic venue showcases a diverse range of plays that cater to all tastes. Sit back, relax, and let the talented performers transport you to another world.

33. Roam Through the Unique BALTIC Triangle

Discover the creative heart of Liverpool at the BALTIC Triangle, a thriving cultural district filled with art, music, and independent shops. Explore the trendy warehouses, visit quirky galleries, and immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of this ever-evolving neighborhood.

34. Soak Up the Sun at Crosby Beach

Take a stroll along Crosby Beach and marvel at the breathtaking sight of Antony Gormley’s “Another Place.” These distinctive iron figures, standing tall against the crashing waves, create a surreal and awe-inspiring experience. Relax on the sandy shores, take in the views, and let the beach rejuvenate your soul.

35. Embark on a Magical Adventure at The Hardmans’ House

Step into the preserved home of renowned photographer Edward Chambré Hardman and his wife, Margaret, at The Hardmans’ House. Explore their meticulously maintained living quarters, immerse yourself in the photographic studio, and gain insight into the life and work of this talented couple amidst the backdrop of 1950s Liverpool.

36. Discover Hidden Gems at the Bluecoat Display Centre

The Bluecoat Display Centre is a haven for art enthusiasts and collectors alike. This independent gallery and craft shop showcases an impressive range of contemporary crafts, including ceramics, jewelry, and textiles. Admire unique pieces by talented artists and uncover that perfect treasure to take home.

37. Get Lost in the Storytelling of The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour

Join The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour and be transported back to the swinging sixties. With a live guide providing fascinating insights and anecdotes, immerse yourself in the world of The Beatles. Visit their childhood homes, see landmarks that influenced their music, and sing along to their classic hits.

38. Experience Thrills at FACT

FACT (Foundation for Art & Creative Technology) is a unique and innovative space where art, film, and technology converge. Immerse yourself in interactive exhibitions, catch a thought-provoking film at the cinema, or participate in workshops that challenge your creativity. Experience the future of art and creativity at FACT.

39. Discover the Hidden Charms of the Georgian Quarter

Wander through the delightful Georgian Quarter and be captivated by its stunning architecture and hidden gems. Admire the beautifully preserved Georgian townhouses, visit independent boutiques, and revel in the neighborhood’s lively atmosphere. This historic quarter offers a perfect blend of classic elegance and contemporary charm.

40. Unwind at the Palm House in Sefton Park

Step into the tropical oasis of the Palm House, a magnificent glass structure nestled within Sefton Park. Admire the lush greenery, vibrant blooms, and exotic plants that thrive in this Victorian horticultural gem. Take a peaceful moment to relax, enjoy the tranquil surroundings, and escape into nature.

41. Witness the Awe-Inspiring Spectacle of Liverpool Cathedral Light Spectacular

Be mesmerized by the grandeur of Liverpool Cathedral during the Light Spectacular. This nighttime event illuminates the cathedral with stunning light displays, creating a magical and ethereal atmosphere. Take a leisurely stroll through the illuminated surroundings and witness the awe-inspiring beauty of the cathedral come to life.

42. Dive into Cinema History at the Plaza Community Cinema

Uncover the allure of cinema at the Plaza Community Cinema, one of the oldest independently run cinemas in the UK. This hidden gem screens a wide selection of films spanning various genres, from classic masterpieces to contemporary gems. Immerse yourself in the magic of the big screen and enjoy a unique cinematic experience.

43. Delve into the World of International Slavery Museum

Explore the poignant and significant history of the transatlantic slave trade at the International Slavery Museum. Through thought-provoking exhibitions, learn about the impact of slavery on individuals, communities, and society as a whole. This museum challenges preconceptions, promotes understanding, and fosters dialogue about this dark chapter in human history.

44. Immerse Yourself in History at Speke Hall Gardens

Step back in time and meander through the beautifully manicured gardens of Speke Hall. Admire the stunning Tudor architecture of the house, stroll through the fragrant rose gardens, and follow the peaceful woodland trails. The picturesque surroundings provide the perfect backdrop for a leisurely day spent exploring history and nature.

45. Explore the World of Science at World Museum

Unleash your inner scientist at the World Museum, a fascinating hub of knowledge and discovery. Engage with interactive exhibits, delve into the wonders of the universe, and encounter ancient artifacts that illuminate the past. Immerse yourself in a world of dinosaurs, space exploration, and awe-inspiring specimens.

46. Indulge in Retail Therapy at St. John’s Shopping Centre

Indulge in a shopping spree at St. John’s Shopping Centre, the perfect destination for retail therapy. With a wide range of shops offering diverse products, you’ll find everything you need and more. From fashion to electronics and homeware, this bustling shopping center has it all.

47. Marvel at the Architectural Beauty of Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King

Admire the striking design of the Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King, an architectural masterpiece that harmoniously combines modern art with religious symbolism. Marvel at the stained glass windows, explore the crypt, and enjoy panoramic views of the city from the cathedral’s tower. This spiritual haven is a testament to human creativity.

48. Experience a Day of Fun at Otterspool Adventure Centre

For a day filled with adventure and excitement, head to Otterspool Adventure Centre. With an array of activities, including high ropes, mini-golf, and adventure playgrounds, this family-friendly destination offers endless entertainment. Watch your little ones unleash their energy and create lifelong memories.

49. Discover the Floral Paradise of Calderstones Park Gardens

Calderstones Park Gardens, within the stunning Calderstones Park, is a botanical paradise waiting to be explored. Meander through carefully manicured flower beds, sit by tranquil lakes, and revel in the fragrant beauty that surrounds you. This hidden gem offers a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of city life.

50. Wander Through the Historic Pier Head

Take a leisurely stroll along Liverpool’s historic Pier Head, a UNESCO World Heritage site adorned with architectural wonders. Admire the Three Graces – the Royal Liver Building, the Cunard Building, and the Port of Liverpool Building – which stand as a testament to Liverpool’s prosperous maritime past.

51. Delve into the Culture of The Bluecoat

Experience the vibrant cultural scene of Liverpool at The Bluecoat, an artistic hub that showcases a diverse range of exhibitions, performances, and events. Explore the galleries, immerse yourself in live music, and discover the thriving creative community that calls this historic building home.

52. Explore the Charms of Ropewalks District

Embrace the energetic vibe of Liverpool’s Ropewalks District, a bustling neighborhood that seamlessly blends vibrant nightlife, independent shops, and a thriving food scene. Explore quirky boutiques, savor dishes from around the world, and soak up the lively atmosphere of this eclectic district.

53. Get Lost in the Pages at Waterstones Liverpool One

Immerse yourself in a world of literature at Waterstones Liverpool One, a haven for book lovers. Browse through an extensive collection of books, attend literary events, and revel in the literary magic that fills this multi-story bookstore. Don’t forget to grab a cup of coffee and settle down in a cozy reading nook.

54. Enjoy a Night Out at Camp and Furnace

Camp and Furnace offers a unique and eclectic experience, combining dining, leisure, and entertainment under one roof. Indulge in delicious food, enjoy live music performances, and participate in quirky events that cater to all interests. This vibrant venue promises an unforgettable night out.

55. Discover the Sounds of The Philharmonic Dining Rooms

Immerse yourself in the beautiful surroundings of The Philharmonic Dining Rooms, a pub that exudes opulence and grandeur. Enjoy a pint of beer, marvel at the stunning architecture, and soak up the atmosphere that attracts locals and tourists alike. This iconic establishment is a testament to Liverpool’s rich history and heritage.

56. Unwind at Otterspool Promenade

Escape the urban bustle and unwind at Otterspool Promenade, a scenic waterfront destination perfect for leisurely walks and picnics. Enjoy stunning views of the River Mersey, watch ships sail by, and let the refreshing sea breeze rejuvenate your spirit. This peaceful haven offers a welcome respite from city life.

57. Step into History at The Bluecoat Chambers

Explore the enchanting Bluecoat Chambers, the oldest building in Liverpool’s city center. Admire the stunning Georgian architecture, discover contemporary art exhibitions, and immerse yourself in the vibrant creative scene that thrives within these historic walls.

58. Cruise Along the Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Embark on a charming boat trip along the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, a waterway that weaves through picturesque landscapes and historic towns. Take a leisurely cruise, soak up the tranquil surroundings, and witness the beauty of the English countryside from a unique perspective.

Marvel at the extensive collection of modern and contemporary art at the Walker Art Gallery. From revered masterpieces to innovative exhibits, this gallery showcases a diverse range of artistic expression. Immerse yourself in the world of art and let your imagination run wild.

60. Embark on a Journey Through Time at the Museum of Liverpool Life

Discover the fascinating history of Liverpool at the Museum of Liverpool Life. From its humble beginnings to its rise as a global city, this museum offers a comprehensive look into Liverpool’s past. Engage with interactive displays, listen to oral histories, and delve into the stories that have shaped the city’s identity.

Why go to Liverpool, England (UK)?

You must visit Liverpool, England (UK) at least once in your lifetime because there are many galleries, theaters, and exhibitions in the city’s center and surrounding areas that cater to a wide range of artistic interests, such as photography and sculpture.

What is Liverpool, England (UK) famous for?

Liverpool, England (UK), is famous for its distinctive accents, kind residents, and musical exports like The Beatles. Liverpool is also known for its long history, many different cultures, and tasty food.

Fun Facts about Liverpool, England (UK)

  • The first air-conditioned structure was Liverpool’s St George’s Hall.
  • In 1880, Liverpool was incorporated as a city. Liverpudlians, on the other hand, have inhabited this region since at least 1207.
  • One of the continent’s oldest Chinese populations may be found in Liverpool’s Chinatown, which dates back to the 16th century.
  • Concerning the area’s topography, Liverpool was known as a “muddy pool.”
  • It’s only second to London in the number of art galleries and museums in the United Kingdom.

Why visit Liverpool England

How big is Liverpool, England (UK)?

Liverpool is about 112 square km or 43 square miles in size.

When is the best time to visit Liverpool, England (UK)?

The best time to visit Liverpool is the months of January, June, and July.

January, June, and July are the best months to visit Liverpool in the United Kingdom. During these months, hotel and travel costs will be at their highest, but if you book early, you may save money.

How many days do you need to see Liverpool, England (UK)?

At least two days are needed to see everything Liverpool has to offer. During your stay, you’ll have the opportunity to see the Tate near the Albert Dock, which is one of several art galleries and museums in the city.

What is the cheapest time to go to Liverpool, England (UK)?

The low season (flights) to visit Liverpool, England (UK) is in March, April, and May

The cheapest time to visit Liverpool is between March and May when temperatures range from 9°C to 17°C and begin to rise in the latter months. Every month, there are 5 to 7 days of significant rain that slow down tourist traffic and increase savings opportunities for travelers.

Is Liverpool, England (UK) an expensive city to visit?

Compared to other UK cities, Liverpool is a relatively affordable destination. Regarding spending money while vacationing in Liverpool, you could expect to spend about $159 per day based on other guests’ costs.

How to save money when visiting Liverpool, England (UK)?

The best ways to save money when visiting Liverpool, England (UK) are:

  • Explore the city on foot for free.
  • Look at Liverpool Cathedral. You can get in free, but it charges 6 GBP to climb the tower.
  • Take advantage of the low-cost Citybike bike rental program and ride throughout the city.
  • The Bluecoat is a great place to see local art and is free to enter.

What food (and drinks) is Liverpool, England (UK) known for?

Things you need to eat in Liverpool, England (UK) before you die:

  • Scouse
  • Liverpool Tarts
  • Prosecco
  • Aperol Spritz

Visit Liverpool, England at least once in your lifetime

Is Liverpool, England (UK) safe to visit?

Liverpool is considered a reasonably safe city. Even though some places are unsafe and should be avoided, they are largely safe to go to, and if you apply your common sense, your journey should go easily.

What is the best way to get around in Liverpool, England (UK)?

The best ways to get around in Liverpool, England (UK) are:

  • Bicycle
  • e-scooters for hire
  • Bus

What are the neighbourhoods or areas I should stay in when I visit Liverpool, England (UK)?

The best areas you should stay in when visiting Liverpool, England (UK) are:

  • Pullman Liverpool 
  • DoubleTree by Hilton
  • Crowne Plaza Liverpool City Centre, an IHG Hotel
  • Seel Street Hotel

What are the best neighbourhoods or areas for food?

The best areas for food and drinks when visiting Liverpool, England (UK) are:

  • The Art School Restaurant
  • The Floating Grace
  • Röski
  • The London Carriage Works

What are the best neighbourhoods or areas for shopping?

The best areas for shopping when visiting Liverpool, England (UK) are:

  • Liverpool ONE
  • Walker Art Gallery
  • Royal Albert Dock
  • Grand Central Hall

What should I do on my first trip to Liverpool, England (UK)?

For the first time visiting Liverpool, England (UK), you must see the Royal Albert Dock. Opened in 1846, the Royal Albert Docks is one of Liverpool’s most historic and scenic attractions. This site has more Grade I listed structures than any other in the United Kingdom. This gorgeous riverfront promenade has more sites, museums, and restaurants.

Is Liverpool, England (UK) a good place for solo travel?

When traveling solo, you may join a walking food tour in Liverpool, which visits various restaurants and cafés in the neighbourhood. If you’re looking for a fun activity to do on your own while visiting Liverpool, this is it. In addition, you’ll have a better understanding of the city.

Is Liverpool, England (UK) a good place to visit for a family with kids?

When visiting Liverpool, England (UK) as a family with kids, you will find several museums and art galleries that cater to families, so everyone can taste the city’s rich cultural heritage. Also, Children may enjoy Mersey Ferries and the U-Boat Story in the city center.

Is Liverpool, England (UK) a good place for couples?

When visiting Liverpool, England (UK) as a couple, you’ll like it because of its many attractions and activities. Cruises, hiking, sightseeing, and entertainment are available. In addition, Liverpool’s legendary nightlife makes it the perfect destination for couples looking for a good time.

What are the best annual events in Liverpool, England (UK)?

The best annual events in Liverpool, England (UK) that you cannot miss are

  • International Beatleweek in August
  • Grand National in April
  • Let’s Rock Liverpool in July
  • LightNight in May
  • Homotopia in November


Spread the love!

Scroll to Top